The Ps of Autism, part 2

Over the past several weeks, we’ve been blogging about the ABC’s of ABA therapy. Today, here are the Ps, part 2.


Pivotal Response Training

 

Pivotal response training is a naturalistic behavioral intervention and is one based on the principles of ABA. It is designed to increase the generalization of new skills, increasing motivation through things like taking turns or reinforcing attempts as well as providing choice. PRT is used to develop language and play skills, and to improve social behaviors.


Positive Behavior Support, or PBS


Instead of behavioral management systems only aimed to “fix” the child by rapidly eliminating challenging behaviors, positive behavior support and functional analysis (FA) are designed to view systems and lack of skill as being part of the problem, and aim to change that lack. PBS uses long-term strategies to reduce inappropriate behavior and to teach appropriate behavior for successful outcomes.


Prader Willi


Prader Willi is a congenital syndrome characterized by short stature, excessive eating, obesity, mental retardation and sexual infantilism.


Processing


Processing is thinking; it refers to cognitive operations.


Proprioceptive


This is a sense of body awareness created by interpreting the information from the joints and muscles.

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